Posted in Climate Change Conflict Indigenous People State Sustainability

Yarsagumba Extraction: Issues in Conflict, Sustainability, & Resource Sovereignty

Yarsagumba is a caterpillar-fungus fusion. It forms when parasitic mushroom spores infect and mummify moth larvae under the soil. Twig-shaped fungus sprouts from the head of dead caterpillars, emerging just centimeters above the earth for harvesters to find.… Read More

Posted in Conflict Mining Sand Mining Sustainability

Will We Witness a Global Fight for Sand?

The extractive industries sector – which broadly encompasses enterprises that are involved in the extraction of raw materials from the earth – is an integral part of the global economy given both the amount of revenue it generates and the number of people whose livelihoods are dependent on it.… Read More

Posted in Civil Society Energy Mining

Mining Contracts and Contract Transparency: An Overview

  1. Mining Contracts

States often enter into investment contracts with individual investors in the extractive sector, aiming to fill in gaps in the regulatory regime and offer special treatment to investors. The scope of issues covered by these investment contracts can be extensive.… Read More

Posted in Artisanal Mining Auctions Business and Human Rights Certification and Transparency Corporations Mining Trading

Impressions and feelings of Christie’s Auction -Are they Magnificent Jewels?

On the way to Christie’s Auction, Magnificent Jewels, at Hotel des Bergues, I was not sure about what I would find there, but I was already constructing an idea of the realities involved.… Read More

Posted in Mining

Niobium Monopoly

Niobium (Nb/41) is a soft, malleable, and highly resistant superconductor metal. It naturally occurs in nature, mingled with other kinds of metallic minerals. Because it is a material that increases the level of efficiency of metallic alloys, Niobium is employed in a plethora of industrial sectors such as construction, naval, space, aeronautical, nuclear, and technological industries.… Read More

Posted in Uncategorized

Negotiating Soft Power, Human Rights, and Corporate Social Responsibility: A Case Study of Chinese Investment in the Letpadaung Copper Mine of Myanmar

As one of China’s three largest investment projects in Myanmar, the Letpadaung copper mine is a joint venture between Myanmar’s military-owned conglomerate, the Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings Limited (UMEHL), and Wanbao Mining, a subsidiary of China’s state-owned armed manufacturer China Ordnance Industries Group Corporation Limited (NORINCO).… Read More

Posted in Energy Mining Sand Mining Security Technology

The use of thorium for nuclear energy production

Nuclear power is the release of energy from the atomic core of radioactive elements, such as uranium, plutonium and thorium. It has military and civil use, with the latter referring to the generation of electricity for civil consumption.… Read More

Posted in Lunar Mining Outer Space

Overview of Main Actors Enganging in Lunar Exploration and Mining


In 2013 China became the third nation to land on the moon, placing an unmanned rover successfully on the surface of the moon. This was the first landing on the moon since the Russians (formerly the Soviet Union) in the 1970s.… Read More

Posted in Deep Sea Mining New Technology Outer Space

The Frontier: what is it and how is it used?

Currier & Ives: The Rocky Mountains: Emigrants Crossing the Plains
The Rocky Mountains: Emigrants Crossing the Plains, lithograph by Currier & Ives, 1866. Retrieved from Britannica

The idea of the frontier is often referred to, and employed, as an accepted concept of an empty space that is open to exploration.… Read More